Strategies that shift students from anxiety, stress and panic to mindfulness, intention, and thoughtfulness are important but not sufficient. Heidi Andrade (2010) argues that assessment is the missing key in this work. Consider Zimmerman's (2000) work on self-regulation focused on forethought, performance control and reflection. Notice how Hattie and Timperley's work (2007) extends these important ideas:
- Where am I going? (forethought)
- How I am going? (performance control)
- What's next? (reflection)
What does it look like? Here's an example from a second grade class. Ms M. posts a sample of work. Together the students and teacher talk about what makes it a quality piece of work. The ideas are recorded. Then, as students work, they check their work against the posted sample.
What happening here? Quality classroom assessment is happening. Let me explain...
Students know the learning destination. They have a sample to help them understand quality. The students were part of co-constructing success criteria. And now the students can start to produce their own work sample. And, as they work, they can check their work against the sample (self-assessment). They can talk about what is working in their work with their peers (peer assessment). They can figure out what they might do more of or less of (next steps goal setting).
What are they doing? They are learning. They are practicing. They are improving.
And, as students work with the teacher over time, more teaching takes place. Students learn more about quality and how to next those next steps to move from where they are to where they might be. In other words, students will be able to "be the boss" of their learning. They will be able to self-regulate their own learning. How did they get to be their own boss? Through using assessment in the service of learning!
Let me illustrate using an example from a secondary classroom (Butler, 2002) outlines Strategy Content Learning. The four steps are:
- Co-constructing criteria for learning strategies
- Helping students to self-assess prior to submitting their work
- Talking about what might be done differently
- Articulating strategies to use next time.
That's it! Helping students be the boss of their own learning.
All my best,